Most Principal Employers preferred Indonesia than Vietnamese or Myanmar workers because of better communication skills (verbal and written). The Indonesia workers are able to be trained as multi-skilled workers (SMT, QC, Technical etc) as they can read and understand the Factory standard operating procedure (SOP) and New Product Implementation (NPI) in Malay language better than any other foreign workers. Moreover, their working duration in Malaysia will be much longer than Vietnamese or Myanmar workers. Majority of them have worked for more than 3 years and most of them have extended to the maximum period.
The following are benefits to the employer as compared to the current recruitment system:
- Savings, Stable Workforce and Increase Productivity.
Under the current recruitment system, every principal employer has to pay a loan of RM2000 to RM2400 per worker to the Indonesian licensed agents and thereafter deduct RM200 to RM240 from each worker monthly income between 10 to 12 months period. Thus, the workers will suffer and receive less income. The situation will be aggravated when there is no overtime during certain period of the year. To add to the wound, the passport will be under the worker custody (With effect from June 2011, the Indonesian housemaids will be allowed to hold their passports. It is a matter of time all foreign workers will have to hold their own passport due to global human rights pressure and anti human trafficking act). It will then encourage and provide more opportunities for the foreign workers to runaway or find illegal job. The estimated losses per worker are as follows:-
- The levy (RM1200) +
- Statutory fees (RM511) +
- Recruitment Loan (RM2000-2400) +
- Average cost per hostel and transportation.
- Training and replacement cost
However, under this new G2P system, it will be different as the parents or families of the workers are the principal guarantor to this national program. The Indonesia Government together with its Consulate in Penang/Malaysia will ensure the workers are fully understood and committed to this program.
- Safe from Anti-Trafficking in Person Act 2007
Under the current recruitment system, most principal employers rely on its Malaysia and overseas agents for the selection and recruitment process in overseas. If any of the foreign workers recruited were forced, coerced or cheated by the middlemen (third parties) into paying hefty placement fees and were promised jobs, of which basic salary, allowances, benefits, position, working environment and conditions differ from what have been offered by the Principal Employer in Malaysia, the principal employers will be liable to this offence even though it is beyond their control and knowledge. The principal employer is jointly liable with the outsourcing and overseas agents in Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act. They will be charged as accomplice to forced debt bonded labor and human trafficking especially when the passport is NOT under the foreign worker custody. However, under this G2P program, the Indonesia government represent one of the partners in the recruitment process and shall scrutinize and brief every details in the employment contract to the workers before the migrant workers arrive in Malaysia, thereby the employer will be safe from such Act.
- Ability to attract Talented and Educated Workers
With this G2P program, more talented and educated graduates will be interested to work in Malaysia as they are recruited by the Government authorities and not by middlemen(third parties). Already, there are many successful stories from migrant workers returning under the Government existing G2G Recruitment Programs from Japan and South Korea. By undergoing this G2P Program in Malaysia instead of the G2G Programs, the workers are able to save at least six months for learning Japanese and Korean languages. Moreover, the culture, religion, language and food are similar between Malaysia and Indonesia.
- Systematic Process.
The Indonesia Government will follow the same systematic process that supported the existing G2G Recruitment Programs to Japan and South Korea. Passport of workers shall be prepared before the interview. Medical and insurance documentation shall be completed within a short period of time. The departure of workers shall be conducted by the BNP2TKI in Jakarta as per schedule planned.
- No Deduction (EICC).
No deduction of salary workers for loan purposes which comply to EICC conditions.
- Disciplinary Cases monitored by Indonesian Consulate and IRC.
Disciplinary cases of workers shall be monitored closely by Indonesia Missions and IRC. This is only possible if the principal employer provides regular performance appraisal to Indonesia Mission and IRC to keep track of workers conduct and progress.
- National Pride to Excel Working Performance.
The workers shall be briefed and counsel by the Indonesia Mission to behave and committed in their employment, before and after they arrived in Malaysia. They will be briefed in Jakarta and escorted by the BNP2TKI officers from Jakarta to Penang and thereafter received by the Indonesia Consulate and IRC officers at the Penang International Airport. An orientation will be conducted at the Penang Indonesian Consulate immediately after they have arrived.
The Indonesian workers will take an oath at the Consulate to perform to their best ability and for the interest of the Principal Employer. It will be of national pride and interest for the workers to perform in Malaysia under this national program as they are representing the Indonesia government's effort to improve the US Anti-Human Trafficking status from Tier 3 to Tier 2. The workers will be indirectly embarrassing the government if they do not perform well and absconded before the completion of the contract.
- Working Performance and Conduct guaranteed by Workers' Family.
Workers are recruited directly by the Government national board (BP3TKI) in every district who has direct contact with their family members. Their family profiles are kept by the government authorities and application to work abroad are scrutinized by the authorities and guaranteed by their parents, spouses or guardians. This will ensure the worker to be responsible for their actions as their family reputation is involved.
- Performance Recognition and Achievement Awards.
At the end of the contract, workers with good performance and attendance record will be awarded the Certificate of Achievement by the Indonesia Mission witnessed by IRC and Principal Employers. This certificate shall enable the workers to continue his/her future career undertakings.
- Best Employer Award.
Similarly, the Principal Employer who had participated in this G2P program and provided the best working environment, benefits, culture and most importantly allow the opportunity for the migrant workers to participate in this free debt-bondage program shall be awarded the Best Employer Award by the Indonesia Government. This award will establish a benchmark for employers to be evaluated by the external global auditors and customers.